China GIS Data | Center for Geographic Analysis, Harvard

See also the article Restrictions on Geodata in China and the section on GJC-02 datum and BD-09 coordinate system. Historical China - China Historical GIS the main collection of datasets showing the administrative system of China from 222 BCE to 1911 CE. - ChinaHistory in Maps an online webmap system for browsing historical China data layers.Get price

China 6 The WorldMost Challenging Emissions Standard

The next upgrade, known as China 6, is due for implementation from July 2020. This will put China right at the top of the list of countries with the most challenging vehicle emissions standards. By doing this many thousands of tons of serious pollutants such as particulate matter (PM) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) will be removed from China’s air.Get price

Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data | US EPA

Global Emissions by GasGlobal Emissions by Economic SectorTrends in Global EmissionsEmissions by CountryAt the global scale, the key greenhouse gases emitted by human activities are: 1. Carbon dioxide (CO2): Fossil fuel use is the primary source of CO2. CO2 can also be emitted from direct human-induced impacts on forestry and other land use, such as through deforestation, land clearing for agriculture, and degradation of soils. Likewise, land can also remove CO2from the atmosphere through reforestation, improvement of soils, and other activities. 2. Methane (CH4): Agricultural activities, waste management, energy use, and biomass burning all contribute to CH4emissions. 3. Nitrous oxide (N2O): Agricultural activities, such as fertilizer use, are the primary source of N2O emissions. Fossil fuel combustion also generates N2O. 4. Fluorinated gases (F-gases): Industrial processes, refrigeration, and the use of a variety of consumer products contribute to emissions of F-gases, which include hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (sf6 gas). Black carbon is a...Get price

The research on the fairness of carbon emissions for China's

Sep 24, 2013 · Next according to the formed formula the author calculated the EEI (Economic Efficiency Index) and ECI (Ecological Carrying Index) and made some corresponding figures with the help of GIS to analyze the fairness of the China’s energy CO 2 emissions in 2010.The results showed that the distribution of China’s CO 2 emissions for energy in 2010 become lower from the Bohai bay to the surroundings and the west circle provinces are with the lowest energy carbon emissions.Get price

CO2 emissions - Our World in Data

This means emissions calculated on the basis of ‘consumption’ are 7.7% higher than their emissions based on production. Countries shown in blue are net exporters of emissions – they export more CO 2 embedded in goods than they import. For example, China’s value of -14% means its net export of CO 2 is equivalent to 14% of its domestic emissions. The consumption-based emissions of China are 14% lower than their production-based emissions.Get price

OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050

relative decoupling of GHG emissions growth and GDP growth), especially ECD and the in O emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa (BRIICS). However, under current trends, these regional improvements be outstripped by the would increased energy demand worldwide. • YELLOW Emissions fromGet price

EPA Facility Level GHG Emissions Data

The GHGRP generally requires facilities that emit above 25,000 metric tons CO2e of GHGs to report their emissions. Therefore this data set does not reflect total U.S. emissions or total emissions from individual states. Roughly 50% of total U.S. emissions are reported by large emitting facilities subject to the GHGRP.Get price

Sulfr hexafluoride Free HV GIS and Breakers - EPA

hermetically sealed gas insulated switchgear (GIS) CARB • Report annually by June 1 • Resubmit report within 45 days (plus an additional 30 days if requested) of substantive errors being discovered [adopted 40 CFR Part 98.3(h) by reference] • Report calculated annual Sulfr hexafluoride emissions (lbs) and calculated sf 6 emission rate for onlyGet price

The Automotive CO2

emissions standard n n Canada CO 2 emissions standard European Union Switzerland CO 2 emissions standard Japan Fuel economy standard China Fuel consumption standard India CO 2 emissions standard[1] Australia Voluntary regulation and CO 2 emissions standard in pipeline Brazil Fiscal incentives for fuel economy[2] South Korea Fuel economyGet price

Automotive industry in China - Wikipedia

Chinese Car BrandsDomestic Manufacturers, Brands and CarsHistoryControversiesSectorsSee AlsoExternal LinksBYDBytonChanaFotonSee full list on en.wikipedia.orgGet price

CO₂ and Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Our World in Data

Human emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases – are a primary driver of climate change – and present one of the world’s most pressing challenges. 1 This link between global temperatures and greenhouse gas concentrations – especially CO 2 – has been true throughout Earth’s history. 2Get price

Cost-benefit assessment of proposed China 6 emission standard

Implementation dates of China 6 LDV emission standards modeled under the China 6 scenario. Region Emission limits applied (for Type I test) Implementation date Beijing China 6b January 1, 2018 Shanghai China 6b April 1, 2018 Rest of JJJ, rest of YRD, and Guangdong China 6b July 1, 2018 Nationwide China 6a January 1, 2020 Nationwide China 6bGet price

LibGuides: Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Energy

Mar 29, 2021 · The National-Scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA) is EPAongoing comprehensive evaluation of air toxics in the U.S. EPA developed the NATA as a state-of-the-science screening tool for State/Local/Tribal Agencies to prioritize pollutants, emission sources and locations of interest for further study in order to gain a better understanding of risks.Get price

Reducing Traffic Congestion and Emission in Chinese Cities

Nov 16, 2018 · Transport-related carbon dioxide emissions were estimated at 900 million tons in China in 2016 and are expected to continue to increase as more cars hit the road. In 2011, the Chinese Ministry of Transport launched a program to promote the development of public transit metropolises as a strategy to address traffic congestion.Get price

Geospatial World – Top destination for geospatial industry trends

Get the latest updates on geospatial technology, application, research and business trends from our news, videos, magazine, blogs and more!Get price

New energy vehicles in China - Wikipedia

Government Policies and IncentivesNew Energy Vehicle SalesPassenger Cars Sales by ModelExternal LinksThe Chinese government adopted in 2009 a plan to leapfrog current automotive technology, and seize the growing new energy vehicle (NEV) market to become of the world leaders in manufacturing of all-electric and hybrid vehicles. The governmentpolitical support for the adoption of electric vehicles has four goals, to create a world-leading industry that would produce jobs and exports; energy security to reduce its oil dependence which comes from the Middle East; to reduce urban air pollution; and to reduce its carbon emissions. However, a study by McKinsey & Company found that even though local air pollution would be reduced by replacing a gasoline car with a similar-size electric car, it would reduce greenhouse gas emissions by only 19%, as China uses coal for 75% of its electricity production. The Chinese government uses the term new energy vehicles (NEVs) to designate plug-in electric vehicles, and only pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are subject to p...Get price

Expanding electric-vehicle adoption despite EV market growing

Continued Electric-Vehicle Growth Through 2018Electric-Vehicle-Market SnapshotsThe Global Outlook For Electric VehiclesChallenges to Overcome to Scale Electric VehiclesEV sales grew to more than two million units globally in 2018: an increase of 63 percent on a year-on-year basis, and a rate slightly higher than in prior years. Nevertheless, with a penetration rate of 2.2 percent, EVs still only represent a fraction of the overall light-vehicle market. The ratio of battery EVs (BEVs) to plug-in hybrid EVs (PHEVs) held relatively steady from 2017 (Exhibit 1).Get price

Chinaauto market could shrink about 8% this year: industry

Oct 31, 2019 · Auto sales in China may skid to 26 million this year, a drop of around 8%, a senior industry executive warned, as the worldlargest auto market braces for a second year of contraction amidGet price

Frontiers | Carbon Storage and Sequestration of Urban Street

IntroductionData and MethodsResultsDiscussionConclusionsAuthor ContributionsConflict of Interest StatementAcknowledgmentsMore than half of the worldpopulation now lives in urban areas, and this figure will continue to increase at a rate of 4% a decade by 2050 (UN, 2015). In China, urban population has grown from 17.4 to 53.7% between 1975 and 2013, and is expected to reach 60% by 2030 (SSB, 2014; UN, 2015). Fast urbanization imposes grand societal and environmental challenges such as compromised human health (Gong et al., 2012), alteration of local and regional climate (Chrysanthou et al., 2014; Zhou et al., 2014), loss of natural habitats and biodiversity (Alberti, 2005; Seto et al., 2012) and degradation of water and air quality (Zhao et al., 2006; Young et al., 2012). It is long and widely believed that forest patches in urban areas provide many ecological and social benefits, which partly mitigate urbanization-caused deterioration of the environment (Sanders, 1986; Akbari and Konopacki, 2004; Lohr et al., 2004; Nowak et al., 2013a, 2014). Nevertheless, those benefits might be overstated and pot...Get price

Layer Information for Interactive State Maps

D G S U. Coal Mines, Surface and Underground. All operating surface and underground coal mines in the United States. EIA-7A, Coal Production and Preparation Report and the U.S. Department of Labor, Mine Safety and Health Administration Form 7000-2, "Quarterly Mine Employment and Coal Production Report." 2018. 1/13/2020.Get price

Maps Data | NOAA Climate.gov

Data Snapshots: Reusable Climate Maps. Average Monthly Temperature. Monthly Temperature Outlook. Drought Monitor. Probability of Severe Weather. Explore a range of easy-to-understand climate maps in a single interface. Featuring the work of NOAA scientists, each “snapshot” is a public-friendly version of an existing data product.Get price

Remote-sensing GIS based investigations of coal fires in

Remote-sensing GIS based investigations of coal fires in northern China; global monitoring to support the estimation of CO2 emissions from spontaneous combustion of coal Freek van der Meer, Paul van Dijk, Prasun K Gangopadhyay, Chris Hecker International Institute for Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation, Department of earthGet price

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Ap

Energy-Related CO2 Emissions Increased 2.7% (139 Million Metric Tons) in 2018in 2018, CO2 Emissions Increased in All U.S. End-Use SectorsU.S. Buildings Sector Energy‐Related CO2 Emissions IncreasedNatural Gas Is Becoming The Dominant Source of U.S. Industrial CO2 EmissionsU.S. Transportation Sector CO2 Emissions Continue to Increase with The EconomyReal U.S. gross domestic product (GDP)[1] increased 2.9% in 2018, up 0.6% from growth in 2017.Energy‐related CO2 emissions in the United States increased by 2.7% (139 million metric tons [MMmt]) from 5,130 MMmt in 2017 to 5,269 MMmt in 2018, but they were 730 MMmt (12%) lower than 2005 levels.The overall carbon intensity[2] (CO2/GDP) of the U.S. economy declined 0.1% in 2018 compared with a 2.9% decline in 2017. This 0.1% decline resulted from a 0.6% increase in energy intensity[3] (Bri...See full list on eia.govGet price

New Zealandgreenhouse gas emissions | Stats NZ

New Zealand greenhouse gas emissions have been relatively unchanged since 2005. In 2018 New Zealand’s gross greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions were 78.9 million tonnes of CO 2-e, 24.0 percent higher than 1990 and 1.0 percent lower than 2017.Get price

McKinsey Electric Vehicle Index: Europe cushions a global

China 79 3 80 –12 34 44 40 6 In contrast to a slowdown of EV sales globally in 2019 and in the first quarter of emissions limits for 2020 and 2021.Get price

Japan Geography GIS Links - Harvard University

Chinese geospatial data, historical GIS, chinese geographic information systemsGet price

Temporal and Spatial Simulation of Atmospheric Pollutant PM2

We simulated and predicted the temporal and spatial changes of PM2.5 concentration and population exposure risks, by coupling optimization algorithms of the Back Propagation-Artificial Neural Network (BP-ANN) model and a geographical information system (GIS) in Xi'an, China, for 2013, 2020, and 2025.Get price

Coronavirus cuts Chinese carbon emissions by up to 25 percent

Feb 20, 2020 · Enlarge / A man tends to vegetables in a field as emissions rise from nearby cooling towers of a coal-fired power station in Tongling, Anhui province, China, on Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019.Get price

EU CO2 emission standards for passenger cars and light

excess emission premium for the first three g/km of excess emissions, is discontinued. » A review clause that, by 31 December 2015, requires the European Commission to review the specific emission targets, modalities, and other aspects of the regulation in order to establish the CO 2 emission targets for the period beyond 2020. THE SITUATION TODAYGet price